Most patients in the United States have surgery to take out the infected appendix.
In other countries, patients are frequently given the option of treatment with 10 days of antibiotics and only have surgery if the medicines do not work. Most of the information we have about this option is from studies done in Europe.
Maybe, but their risk of getting it again is not clear. Most studies have looked at patients up to one year after their diagnosis. In these studies, about 3 out of 4 did not have any more problems with their appendix, while 1 out of 4 were not cured by antibiotics or ended up getting appendicitis again in the future. If appendicitis does come back, it usually happens within the first few weeks.
Most patients who have surgery recover quickly and go home by the next day. Some stay in the hospital for an extra day. Most patients return to normal activities after a week or so.
If a patient’s appendicitis is treated with antibiotics while they are in the emergency room, they might be able to go home the same day, or they might stay in the hospital for an extra day or two. How soon a patient goes home depends on how they respond to the medicine.
If a patient has surgery, pain from the infected appendix will likely go away. They will likely have some pain around the cuts, or incisions, that were made on their belly, so they will be sent home with pain medicine to take as needed. In most patients, this pain is minor and goes away within a week.
If a patient has antibiotics in the emergency room, they may get medicines to treat pain and nausea, if they need them. They will also be sent home with pain medicine to take as needed. Some studies suggest patients who take antibiotics may have fewer days of pain and need less pain medicine than patients who have surgery.
In one study, patients who were treated with antibiotics (without surgery) required 7 days of sick leave, compared with 11 days of sick leave for patients treated with surgery.